The average menstrual cycle is 28 days, but your own cycle time can vary by several days. A cycle counts from the first day of your period to the start of the next. Studies have shown emotional stress temporarily alters the hormones that regulate your period. Being newly married can be stressful as you adjust to a new life and responsibilities. Planning and having a wedding can also be stressful.
If pregnancy is desired, ovulation-stimulating Ihtercourse can be tried. Can you treat irregular periods at home? Having irregular periods could interfere with your ability to get pregnant. This avoids that stress. Your body should adjust within Intercourse and irregular menstruation to six months after starting or stopping hormonal birth control. Being underweight : Just as being overweight can cause irregular cycles, being significantly underweight can also lead to irregular periods and fertility problems.
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Archived from the original on 10 September Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS. Intercourse and irregular menstruation can be used to reduce moderate to severe pain, and all appear similar. The average age of menarche is 12 to What are the complications associated Intercourse and irregular menstruation heavy or irregular menstrual periods? Greater loss in workplace productivity, quality of life, and greater healthcare costs occur in those with moderate to severe symptoms in comparison to those without. As a result, you may have irregular bleeding or spotting. In this system:. Uterine fibroids. There is a wide range of response among individual breastfeeding women, however, with some experiencing return of menstruation at two months and others remaining amenorrheic for up to 42 months postpartum. Probiotics can also help your body produce certain vitamins that affect hormone levels like insulin. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. Benign, or noncancerous, tumors in the uterus can cause heavy bleeding or long periods. One review found tentative evidence that acupuncture may be useful, at least in the short term.
I have irregular periods.
- Menstruation , also known as a period or monthly ,  is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue known as menses from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina.
- According to a report about absent periods published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , frequently missed periods over an extended period of time is a relatively common condition that is present in up to 5 percent of adult women at any time.
A woman's period usually occurs every 28 days, but normal menstrual cycles can range from 21 days to 35 days. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.
Abnormal Menstruation Periods Typically, menstrual periods last four to seven days. Appointments What is abnormal menstruation?
Young women who haven't started menstruating by age 15 or 16 or within three years after their breasts begin to develop are also considered to have amenorrhea. Oligomenorrhea refers to periods that occur infrequently. Dysmenorrhea refers to painful periods and severe menstrual cramps. Abnormal uterine bleeding may apply to a variety of menstrual irregularities, including: a heavier menstrual flow; a period that lasts longer than seven days; or bleeding or spotting between periods, after sex, or after menopause.
What causes abnormal menstruation periods? Gaining or losing a significant amount of weight, dieting, changes in exercise routines, travel, illness, or other disruptions in a woman's daily routine can have an impact on her menstrual cycle. Birth control pills. The pills prevent pregnancy by keeping the ovaries from releasing eggs. Going on or off birth control pills can affect menstruation.
Some women have irregular or missed periods for up to six months after discontinuing birth control pills. This is an important consideration when you are planning on conception and becoming pregnant. Women who take birth control pills that contain progestin only may have bleeding between periods. Uterine polyps or fibroids. Uterine polyps are small benign noncancerous growths in the lining of the uterus. Uterine fibroids are tumors that attach to the wall of the uterus. There may be one or several fibroids that range from as small as an apple seed to the size of a grapefruit.
These tumors are usually benign, but they may cause heavy bleeding and pain during periods. If the fibroids are large, they might put pressure on the bladder or rectum, causing discomfort. The endometrial tissue that lines the uterus breaks down every month and is discharged with the menstrual flow. Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue starts to grow outside the uterus.
Often, the endometrial tissue attaches itself to the ovaries or fallopian tubes; it sometimes grows on the intestines or other organs in the lower digestive tract and in the area between your rectum and uterus. Endometriosis may cause abnormal bleeding, cramps or pain before and during periods, and painful intercourse. Pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic inflammatory disease PID is a bacterial infection that affects the female reproductive system.
Bacteria might also enter the reproductive tract via gynecologic procedures or through childbirth, miscarriage, or abortion. Symptoms of PID include a heavy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, irregular periods, pain in the pelvic and lower abdominal areas, fever, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Polycystic ovary syndrome.
In polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , the ovaries make large amounts of androgens, which are male hormones. Small fluid-filled sacs cysts may form in the ovaries. These can often been seen on an ultrasound. The hormonal changes can prevent eggs from maturing, and so ovulation may not take place consistently.
Sometimes a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome will have irregular periods or stop menstruating completely. In addition, the condition is associated with obesity, infertility and hirsutism excessive hair growth and acne. This condition may be caused by a hormonal imbalance, although the exact cause is unknown. Treatment of PCOS depends on whether a woman desires pregnancy. If pregnancy is desired, ovulation-stimulating medications can be tried.
Premature ovarian insufficiency. This condition occurs in women under age 40 whose ovaries do not function normally. The menstrual cycle stops, similar to menopause. This can occur in patients who are being treated for cancer with chemotherapy and radiation, or if you have a family history of premature ovarian insufficiency or certain chromosomal abnormalities. If this condition occurs, see your physician. Other causes of abnormal menstruation include: Uterine cancer or cervical cancer Medications, such as steroids or anticoagulant drugs blood thinners Medical conditions, such as bleeding disorders, an under- or overactive thyroid gland, or pituitary disorders that affect hormonal balance Complications associated with pregnancy, including miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus; for example, within the fallopian tube Next: Diagnosis and Tests Share Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email Print.
Body fat is important for creating enough estrogen, which is why very thin women or those with serious conditions like anorexia and bulimia can experience absent or missed periods. My advice: Just say no to birth control pills. Fibroids are muscular tumors that develop in the wall of the uterus. An epidemiologic review". Excessive or rapid weight loss can cause your period to stop.
Intercourse and irregular menstruation. Popular in: Women's Health / Gynecology
Sex and menstrual cycle: are they connected?
But they don't necessarily mean you won't be able to get pregnant on your own. If you do struggle, there are many fertility treatment options available. Sometimes, making lifestyle changes can regulate previously irregular periods and help you conceive. Your cycle may also be considered irregular if they vary significantly from month to month. For example, if one month your cycle is 23 days, and another it's 35, your cycles would be considered irregular.
In other words, if your cycles tend to be slightly longer than the normal range, but they are consistently that length, you may be less likely to experience fertility problems than someone whose cycles vary significantly but the length falls within the norm.
How much variation is normal? An occasional irregular cycle is also normal. If you have just one or two "off" periods a year, you don't need to worry. However, if your cycles are frequently irregular—or you go quite a long time between menstrual cycles—you should see your doctor for an evaluation.
As mentioned above, the cause behind irregular cycles has a lot to do with your chances of getting pregnant. Irregular cycles may point to a subtle hormonal imbalance. If you're ovulating, you may be able to get pregnant without the help of fertility drugs. Anovulatory cycles are menstrual cycles where ovulation doesn't take place. PCOS is a common female endocrine disorder affecting 1 in 8.
Not every woman with PCOS will experience infertility, but many will take longer to get pregnant. Women with PCOS also have a higher risk of early miscarriage. Many women assume that irregular cycles and difficulty getting pregnant are always PCOS.
This isn't true. There are other possible causes of irregular periods and infertility, which are discussed below. Thyroid imbalance : An underactive or overactive thyroid can cause irregular periods, as well as infertility.
Other possible symptoms of a thyroid imbalance include weight changes, difficulty falling asleep or feeling tired all the time, unexplained anxiety or depression, or problems with constipation or diarrhea. Hyperprolactinemia : Prolactin is a hormone primarily responsible for stimulating the breasts to produce breast milk. Hyperprolactinemia is when the hormone is elevated even if a woman is not pregnant or currently breastfeeding.
Hyperprolactinemia can also occur in men. Abnormally high levels of prolactin can cause irregular periods or even cause your periods to cease completely. Other possible symptoms may include swollen or tender breasts, leaking breast milk from the nipples, or painful sexual intercourse from vaginal dryness. Primary ovarian insufficiency POI : Also known as premature ovarian failure POF , primary ovarian insufficiency can cause irregular or even completely absent periods.
Obesity can cause irregular cycles as well as difficulty with getting pregnant. Sometimes, weight problems are caused by an underlying and yet undiagnosed hormonal imbalance. For example, both PCOS and hypothyroid can cause sudden weight gain and difficulty with losing weight. If your weight problems are being caused by a hormonal imbalance, your doctor may be able to treat that problem—and that may, in turn, help you lose weight.
Being underweight : Just as being overweight can cause irregular cycles, being significantly underweight can also lead to irregular periods and fertility problems. Eating disorders are a risk factor for infertility and absent periods as well. However, in some women, the tests give multiple "false positives. You don't use the tests your entire cycle, but only around the general time you might expect to ovulate.
When your cycles are irregular, that possible ovulation window may be longer than the average woman. BBT charting can show you when you actually ovulated.
You can also share your BBT charts with your doctor. She may be able to use this information to make a diagnosis. You may also decide to forgo trying to detect ovulation and just have sex frequently throughout your cycle.
There are many benefits to taking this approach. For one, some couples find timing sex for pregnancy stressful. This avoids that stress. You won't be trying to have sex when you get the positive ovulation test result. You'll just have sex Secondly, you don't have to worry about missing ovulation. If you're having sex three to four times a week, you'll probably have sex on a fertile day.
Even if you are ovulating, if ovulation is irregular or occurring very late in your cycle, fertility treatments may help. Another possible option is the drug letrozole. This cancer drug is used off-label to trigger ovulation. While not a fertility drug, another medication your doctor may suggest trying is the diabetes drug metformin.
If your irregular cycles are caused by primary ovarian insufficiency, your fertility treatment options may be limited. Talk to your doctor about your options. If the cause for your irregular cycles is a thyroid imbalance or hyperprolactinemia, treating these problems may regulate your periods and return your fertility to normal. This is why getting evaluated by a doctor is essential.
Fertility drugs aren't your only option. You may be able to make lifestyle changes, depending on the cause of your irregular cycles. If you are overweight, losing some of the weight may be enough to jumpstart ovulation and help you conceive.
You may not have to lose all of the weight. Research has shown that obese women who lose just 10 percent of their weight can start ovulating on their own again. Remember, though, that some weight problems are caused by an underlying hormonal imbalance. See your doctor, and then make a weight loss plan. If your issue is over exercise, cutting back may regulate your cycles.
You may need to take a break from your sport to jump-start your cycles again. You may want to consider trying a fertility supplement, only after consulting with your doctor. Two fertility supplements that may help regulate irregular cycles are myo-inositol and chaste tree berry vitex agnus-castus. Whether or not these supplements can truly be effective in regulating periods and improving fertility is questionable.
That said, it may be worth trying. If you have irregular periods, the best thing to do is see your gynecologist. Even if you weren't trying to get pregnant, it's a good idea to get checked out.
This doesn't apply if there are signs of a problem. Irregular cycles are a risk factor for infertility. Your doctor can run some simple blood tests to see if you are ovulating or not. If your blood work indicates that you are ovulating, and you're not over 35, you might want to keep trying to get pregnant on your own for a bit longer.
Don't be afraid to seek it out. Get expert tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Are Your Cycles Irregular? Irregular Cycles and Pregnancy. Catching the Egg. Frequent Sex. When to Talk to Your Doctor. View All. We'll discuss all these options below. Here are some possible causes of irregular cycles that are also infertility risk factors:. An ovulation predictor test may be able to help you time sex for pregnancy. A Word from Verywell. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback!
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