Gardening Help Search. Easily grown in average, consistently moist, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Leaves typically yellow in alkaline soils. Tolerates a broad range of soil conditions, but will not tolerate flooding or soils saturated with moisture. Avoid poorly drained soils.
Burris; Federico M. The genus is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. Ilex opaca - Sol. Yaupon Holly Ilex vomitoria. Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family.
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Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. American Latin name for american holly American holly Ilex opaca is dioecious, which means that its plants will produce either female or Haircut slut flowers. A tea made from the bark was once used in the treatment of malaria and epilepsy. During winter stormsbirds often take refuge in hollies, which provide shelter, protection from predators by the spiny leavesand food. Ilex chinensis. Its familiar shape is the one used to adorn Christmas decorations and inspire songs. The berries are not as bright as those on other species, though they still add color during wintertime. There are native holly plants spread throughout the tropical and temperate regions of the world. FL, w. The flower stem is hairy with a minute bract at base. The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly Ilex opaca Aiton was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May Views Latin name for american holly Edit View history.
Holly , genus Ilex , genus of some species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae , distributed nearly worldwide.
- Holly is a shrub in the Aquifoliaceae family of plants, and it is typically characterized by its red berries, dark green leaves and small pale flowers.
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The species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide. The genus Ilex includes about species,  divided into three subgenera:. The genus is widespread throughout the temperate and subtropical regions of the world. It includes species of trees, shrubs, and climbers, with evergreen or deciduous foliage and inconspicuous flowers. It is a genus of small, evergreen trees with smooth, glabrous, or pubescent branchlets.
The type species is the European holly Ilex aquifolium described by Linnaeus. Plants in this genus have simple, alternate glossy leaves, frequently with a spiny leaf margin.
The inconspicuous flower is greenish white, with four petals. They are generally dioecious , with male and female flowers on different plants.
The small fruits of Ilex , although often referred to as berries , are technically drupes. The "bones" contain up to ten seeds each. Some species produce fruits parthenogenetically , such as the cultivar 'Nellie R. The fruits ripen in winter and thus provide winter colour contrast between the bright red of the fruits and the glossy green evergreen leaves. Hence the cut branches, especially of I. The fruits are generally slightly toxic to humans, and can cause vomiting and diarrhea when ingested.
However, they are an important food source for birds and other animals, which help disperse the seeds. Unfortunately this can have negative impacts as well. Along the west coast of North America, from California to British Columbia, English holly Ilex aquifolium , which is grown commercially, is quickly spreading into native forest habitat, where it thrives in shade and crowds out native species. Ilex in Latin means the holm-oak or evergreen oak Quercus ilex. Despite the Linnaean classification of Ilex as holly, as late as the 19th century in Britain, the term Ilex was still being applied to the oak as well as the holly — possibly due to the superficial similarity of the leaves.
By extension, "holly" is also applied to the whole genus. These Germanic words appear to be related to words for holly in Celtic languages , such as Welsh celyn , Breton kelen n and Irish cuileann.
The phylogeography of this group provides examples of various speciation mechanisms at work. This mechanism is called allopatric speciation. Over time, survivor species of the holly genus adapted to different ecological niches. This led to reproductive isolation , an example of ecological speciation. In the Pliocene , around five million years ago, mountain formation diversified the landscape and provided new opportunities for speciation within the genus. The fossil record indicates that the Ilex lineage was already widespread prior to the end of the Cretaceous period.
Many of the then-existing species with the strictest ecological requirements became extinct because they could not cross the barriers imposed by the geography, but others found refuge as a species relict in coastal enclaves, archipelagos, and coastal mountains sufficiently far from areas of extreme cold and aridity and protected by the oceanic influence. The genus is distributed throughout the world's different climates. The greatest diversity of species is found in the Americas and in Southeast Asia.
Ilex mucronata , formerly the type species of Nemopanthus , is native to eastern North America. In Europe the genus is represented by a single species, the classically named holly Ilex aquifolium , and in continental Africa by this species and Ilex mitis.
Ilex canariensis , from Macaronesia , and Ilex aquifolium arose from a common ancestor in the laurel forests of the Mediterranean. Australia, isolated at an early period, has Ilex arnhemensis. Of species growing in China, species are endemic. A species which stands out for its economic importance in Spanish-speaking countries and in Brazil is Ilex paraguariensis or Yerba mate.
Having evolved numerous species that are endemic to islands and small mountain ranges, and being highly useful plants, many hollies are now becoming rare. Often the tropical species are especially threatened by habitat destruction and overexploitation.
At least two species of Ilex have become extinct recently, and many others are barely surviving. They are extremely important food for numerous species of birds, and also are eaten by other wild animals. In the autumn and early winter the fruits are hard and apparently unpalatable.
After being frozen or frosted several times, the fruits soften, and become milder in taste. During winter storms , birds often take refuge in hollies, which provide shelter, protection from predators by the spiny leaves , and food.
The flowers are sometimes eaten by the larva of the double-striped pug moth Gymnoscelis rufifasciata. Other Lepidoptera whose larvae feed on holly include Bucculatrix ilecella , which feeds exclusively on hollies, and the engrailed Ectropis crepuscularia. Holly can contain caffeic acid , caffeoyl derivatives, caffeoylshikimic acid , chlorogenic acid , feruloylquinic acid , quercetin , quinic acid , kaempferol , tannins , rutin , caffeine , and theobromine.
Holly berries can cause vomiting and diarrhea. They are especially dangerous in cases involving accidental consumption by children attracted to the bright red berries. Holly leaves, if eaten, might cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and stomach and intestinal problems. Holly plants might be toxic to pets and livestock.
Leaves of some holly species are used by some cultures to make daily tea. These species are Yerba mate I. Leaves of other species, such as gallberry I. Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian symbolism ,  as expressed in the well-known Christian Christmas carol " The Holly and the Ivy ", in which the holly represents Jesus and the ivy represents the Virgin Mary.
Christians have identified a wealth of symbolism in its form. The sharpness of the leaves help to recall the crown of thorns worn by Jesus; the red berries serve as a reminder of the drops of blood that were shed for salvation ; and the shape of the leaves, which resemble flames, can serve to reveal God's burning love for His people.
Combined with the fact that holly maintains its bright colors during the Christmas season , it naturally came to be associated with the Christian holiday. In heraldry , holly is used to symbolize truth. The Norwegian municipality of Stord has a yellow twig of holly in its Coat-of-arms. The Druids held that "leaves of holly offered protection against evil spirits" and thus "wore holly in their hair".
A contorted hedgehog holly Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox'. Ilex chinensis. Ilex pedunculosa. Ilex yunnanensis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Genus of plants. For other uses, see Holly disambiguation and boom disambiguation. Not to be confused with Holy. Ilex anomala. Ilex rotunda. Ilex pernyi from west China. Retrieved 27 November Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 19 February Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 26 July Invasive Species Week.
Archived from the original on 6 September Archived from the original on 5 June United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. The plants of Virgil's Georgics. Cornell University Press. Skeat, Walter William Principles of English etymology, Volume 1. London, U. Cosimo, Inc. An etymological dictionary of the French language.
An etymological dictionary of the English language. Clarendon Press. Contributions to Latin lexicography. Aquifoliaceae on a World-wide scale". In Friis I. Biologiske skrifter. Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab. Retrieved 9 April Retrieved 11 December The mountain holly Nemopanthus mucronatus : Aquifoliaceae revisited with molecular data.
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Holly can contain caffeic acid , caffeoyl derivatives, caffeoylshikimic acid , chlorogenic acid , feruloylquinic acid , quercetin , quinic acid , kaempferol , tannins , rutin , caffeine , and theobromine. Trees -. Continue to 9 of 18 below. Flowers are produced on the current year's growth. Common Name of American Holly in other languages is an interesting information one should know. In Friis I.
Latin name for american holly. Japanese Holly
holly | Description, Facts, & Species | ardythandjennifer.com
Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. The height of American holly or Christmas holly ranges from 25 ft. The stout, stiff branches of this pyramidal evergreen bear dark green, non-glossy, spine-tipped leaves.
New growth finally pushes off the old leaves in spring. Bright red berries occur on the female plants. A shorter, multi-trunked form may grow in lower-light situations. The bark is a light gray color. The evergreen fruiting branches from wild and planted trees are popular Christmas decorations. Many improved varieties are grown for ornament, shade, and hedges. You must have both a male and female plant to have berries, or at least have the opposite sex growing wild somewhere nearby.
The male must be the same holly species as the female and bloom at the same time. This is a very slow-growing tree. The whitish, fine-textured wood is especially suited for inlays in cabinetwork, handles, carvings, and rulers, and can be dyed various shades, even black. Many kinds of songbirds, gamebirds, and mammals eat the bitter berries of this and other hollies, but the fruits are poisonous to humans. Tree for sound block near Houston April 24, I live in Pearland, just south of Houston and am looking for a tree that I can plant along my fenceline between my neighbor and me that will block noise.
We have a pool and entertain a lot, but they a Shrub for barrier fence in Alexandria, Virginia August 19, Hi. We are considering a holly or virginia magnolia. What can you suggest? Eucalyptus tree for Spring, Texas October 31, I've heard eucalyptus trees do not lose their leaves in the winter and grow considerably tall.
I want to replace a decaying pine tree with a eucalyptus tree. Do you recommend that for the Spring, T Native evergreens for privacy in Crockett, TX October 12, I need advice on what tall evergreens I can plant along a fence line for privacy.
I need trees that will be at minimum 8 to 10 feet tall at maturity, are aesthetically pleasing and provide privacy.
Aging non-native weeping willow in Ohio June 11, We had a weeping willow now for about 15 years and it was doing fine until this summer. It has new branches sort of but a lot of the older ones are dying. There are leaves of course and they are sti Wasowski, Sally and Andy. From the Image Gallery In moister regions, averages feet, with occasional foot trees.
FL, w. Uplands and lowlands. Primarily an understory tree. Not so good in clay. Also provides cover and nesting sites.
Larval plant for Henrys Elfin butterfly. Use Other: White wood used in furniture, woodworking, and other products. Warning: All Ilex species may be somewhat toxic if ingested. Propagation Propagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings Description: Seeds germinate best if planted immediately after collection.
They may be pretreated with scarified or double-stratification but the essential element seems to be time. Once internal conditions in the seed are right it may take years , it will germinate in warm, moist conditions. The sex of the seedlings wont be discernible for 5 to 12 years. Seed Treatment: Some benefit may be obtained from days treatment at degrees followed by days of 41 degrees. Commercially Avail: yes Maintenance: Supplemental water may be necessary in drier sands.
For those who dont like the grand, magnolia-like look of branches extending to the ground, pruning for a visible trunk may be desirable. Smarty Plants says Tree for sound block near Houston April 24, I live in Pearland, just south of Houston and am looking for a tree that I can plant along my fenceline between my neighbor and me that will block noise. The National Wetland Plant List: wetland ratings. Phytoneuron Click here for map of regions.
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