The whole things is conspiracy and in the Indian context it is called Brahminical conspiracy. Namespaces Article Talk. Archived from the original on The Mahavastu claims a virgin birth. The Exalted Virgin birth of buddha, indeed, at all times, proclaims the depravity of sensual desires. It's at once utterly intimate, and utterly shared. Abhinav Publications. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail.
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Horus is known as KRST, the anointed one. Its a shame that after all these years we cant accept the similarities a d accept others for who they are……. It sounds like a story about the birth of a god, and the Buddha was not a god. This refers to a dream that Queen Maya had after trying for many years to have a baby with her husband. In one, Suetonius narrates what he learned from Asclepias of Mendes:. Some of the Apocryphal Gospels give fuller details than the Canonical of the wonders attending the birth of the Messiah. On finding one tied up in the forest as a lure he was enticed to kiss her, and then to fall asleep on her breast. Both had their coming announced to their mother by an angel. You Teacher and student erotic fiction for a reason, sleep for a reason, the sun rises for a reason, and so sure there must be a reason. For a time after Alexander the Great conquered central Asia in BCE, there was a Virgin birth of buddha intermingling of Buddhism with Hellenic art and ideas. However, the Virgin Birth story was not new when the Messiah was born. Main article: Virgin birth of buddha.
According to Buddhist legend , Maha Maya dreamed that a white elephant with six tusks entered her right side, which was interpreted to mean that she had conceived a child who would become either a world ruler or a buddha.
- Stories of miraculous births often include conceptions by miraculous circumstances and features such as intervention by a deity , supernatural elements, astronomical signs, hardship or, in the case of some mythologies, complex plots related to creation.
According to Buddhist legend , Maha Maya dreamed that a white elephant with six tusks entered her right side, which was interpreted to mean that she had conceived a child who would become either a world ruler or a buddha. After 10 lunar months, feeling that the time of birth was near, she went to the Lumbini grove outside the city of Kapilavastu. While she stood upright and held onto the branch of a sal tree in the posture adopted by mothers of all buddhas , the child came forth from under her right arm.
Seven days after his birth again, in accordance with the destiny of the mothers of all buddhas she died and was reborn again in the Heaven of the Thirty-three Gods Tavatimsa Heaven. The scenes of the conception and delivery of Gautama Buddha are often depicted in art. Maha Maya. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Britannica Explores Women Trailblazers.
Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. In China and Japan, Avalokiteshvara himself gradually assumed a female form. As Guanyin Japanese: Kannon ,…. His mother, Maha Maya , dreamt one night that an elephant entered her womb, and 10 lunar months later, while she was strolling in the garden of Lumbini, her son emerged from under her right arm.
His early life was one of luxury and comfort, and his father…. Ten lunar months later, as she strolled in the garden of Lumbini, the child emerged from under her right arm. He was able to walk and talk immediately.
A lotus flower blossomed under his…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.
It was taboo to discuss this in Buddhist circles. Here is a classic example:. Around the birth of Tamerlane arose many curious legends, which are gravely recorded by his biographers. It may be that this legend about the wife of Septimius Marcellus arose from her name Silvia, as the mother of Romulus and Remus -- so a still older myth related -- was a vestal virgin named Rhea Silvia, and their father was Mars. Suitable time Suitable Land Suitable Country Suitable Cast Suitable Mother Here Mother should have various characteristics but here relevant factor is she should be biologically available That means connection of Mother and Father as all of us know. A number of religions have claimed the equivalent of a virgin birth. At the moment when he completed his travels the Buddha the incarnate Bodhisattva entered her womb, and great wonders took place in heaven, on earth, and in hell.
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Thank you, for a good read! Mary Ann. The story of Horus is actually pretty different from Jesus Christ. With the information above one can tell how foolish religion is. Religion is a way to contol the mass of people in the world,oh, and did I mention it also will control the money and the power.
After seventy years of living I must ask people to use their heads for critical thinking and logic. Forget the myths and fairy tales that religion would like you to believe.
Open your eyes and enjoy our short time on earth. When it is over it is over. Many virgin and hemophradite births, Without sex, Is common in mythology,religions and cults. Buddhas dated were lumped together on the June full mon day, But really not exactly the same day.
Why did Christianity evolve and created 25 th dec With absolutely no evidence, Except recanted,recreated myth? We have evolved and religions still try to attach a significance to it. Humans were v ignorant of sex,creative n of a child, But recently found out, There is no secret or divinity, But a sperm and ovum, Was responsible, With no divinity, Or glorification.
Thats why early american indians, early mexicans and others had similar stories. It gave us all common grounds when meeting each other. Early settlers felt that connection. It was only through greed and envy that some twisted those teachings claiming the other stole the story to convert others. Greed and envy led so many to say their religion was better than the other, and wars broke out because of that. We still have those wars going on even now. Its a shame that after all these years we cant accept the similarities a d accept others for who they are……..
My understanding is that the Truth shows up repeatedly, through many, precisely because it is the truth. But it goes deeper than that. They learned from, and taught, each other. Again a mother holding a baby, symbolic to Mary and Jesus. Our how about the pope and the fish looking miter? Allow me to explain that. When the chief priest was established in Rome, he took the title Pontifex Maximus, which was imprinted on his miter.
When Julius Caesar who like all young Roman of good family, was an initiate had become the head of State, he was elected Pontifex Maximus, and this title was held henceforth by all of the Roman emperors down to Constantine the Great, who was, at one and the same time, head of the church and high priest of the heathen! We have or work cut out for us if we are going to shed the shackles of our would be masters. Did he die? In all the religions and cultures in which you claim there were virgin births, find out if there was a reason for it or a need for it to do something special for the people.
You eat for a reason, sleep for a reason, the sun rises for a reason, and so sure there must be a reason.. If you can find a reason in any single one, not even one worth accepting, just any reason that cuts across both spiritual and physical worlds that benefits the people in those religions and the world at large, i will believe you!
Man made too many of these gods. None are of any use. Grow up. God is like Santa Claus for adults. They are just all silly stories.
They are all as true as Santa. Your email address will not be published. Leave this field empty. Both were conceived of a virgin. Both foster fathers were of royal descent. Both were born in a cave although sometimes Jesus is said to have been born in a stable. Both had their coming announced to their mother by an angel.
Horus; birth was heralded by the star Sirius the morning star. Jesus had his birth heralded by a star in the East the sun rises in the East. Modern Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus on December Both births were announced by angels this is not the same as number 7. Both had shepherds witnessing the birth.
After the birth of Horus, Herut tried to have Horus murdered. After the birth of Jesus, Herod tried to have Jesus murdered.
When Jesus and other Jews come of age, they have a special ritual called a Bar Mitzvah. Both Horus and Jesus were 12 at this coming-of-age ritual. Neither have any official recorded life histories between the ages of 12 and Horus was baptized in the river Eridanus. Jesus was baptized in the river Jordan. Both were baptized at age Horus was baptized by Anup the Baptizer.
Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. Both Anup and John were later beheaded. Horus was taken from the desert of Amenta up a high mountain to be tempted by his arch-rival Set. Jesus was taken from the desert in Palestine up a high mountain to be tempted by his arch-rival Satan.
Both Horus and Jesus successfully resist this temptation. Both have 12 disciples. Both walked on water, cast out demons, healed the sick, and restored sight to the blind. Jesus raised Lazarus from the grave. Note the similarity in names when you say them out loud. Osiris was raised in the town of Anu. Both gods delivered a Sermon on the Mount. Both were crucified. Both were crucified next to two thieves. Both were buried in a tomb. Horus was sent to Hell and resurrected in 3 days.
Both had their resurrection announced by women. The devout Simeon who is filled with the holy ghost and recognizes the child Yeshua as the Messiah Luke is a duplicate of the Holy Brahmin Asita , who recognizes the child Gautama as the Buddha.
He, Simeon, speaks of the Messiah as "a light to lighten the Gentiles" verse 32 , using the same metaphor as is used in the gatha with which, later on in the story, the young Gautama is greeted by the rishis: "In the darkness of the world a light has appeared to lighten all who are in ignorance.
And Matthew's story of Herod being told that one who would be "King of the Jews" had been born, and of the consequent massacre of the innocents, also corresponds with Buddhist legend. Luke's account of the child Yeshua confounding all the learned doctors of the temple with his "understanding" is a modified version of stories, told in the apocryphal Gospel of the First Infancy , of the child Yeshua's precocity in grammar, arithmetic, astronomy, and physics.
Those stories are themselves paralleled by legends of the youthful Gautama's extensive knowledge, and of how he himself teaches the guru engaged for his education. In the case of both Catholicism and Buddhism the Virgin Birth stories came as later explanations of the spiritual uniqueness already accounted for otherwise. And, long before the rise of Buddhism, the story of Rama's miraculous birth had been told to millions of Hindus:. Therefore, Vishnu became not only the parent of Rama but, by re-incarnation, became identical with that Rama whose virtues and exploits are celebrated in the great Indian epic, the Ramayana , and whose worshippers can still be numbered by millions.
Sita, the bride of Rama, was said to be not born of human parents, but sprung from a furrow as her reputed father ploughed the ground. These Buddhist and Hindu myths are, of course, generally connected with the doctrine of reincarnation. The god chooses a human father and mother, and then his soul enters the embryo of their child. But this re-incarnation idea does not really distinguish them clearly from other virgin birth stories, as many of the latter, including the Christian story, involve the doctrine of a preexistent being.
In some of the uncanonical stories of the incarnation of the Messiah it is said that the Messiah's spirit had previously been incarnate in Adam, Abraham, and other prophets -- and it has even been alleged that it was subsequently incarnate in Mohammed. However, it should be remembered that in the course of time, some of these 3,year-old myths have evolved into a number of different versions and so, in minor details, discrepancies between the stories as related here and as related elsewhere may be noticed.
As far as possible the best authorities have been consulted and followed. The Pandavas, the heroes of the Mahabharata , were not the sons of Pandu, though they took their names from him and were born of his wives Kunti and Madri.
Their fathers were respectively the gods Dharma, Vayu, Indra, and the Aswins, the latter twins and jointly the fathers of twins. Even the Kauravas, cousins and rivals of the Pandavas, were abnormally, though in this case not divinely, born.
One hundred of them were born at one birth, a number considerably exceeded by a lady named Sumati, who, according to another Indian myth, gave birth to a gourd which burst open and produced 60, children.
There are, of course, many legends -- even European -- about the birth of large numbers of children at one time. A well known one relates the circumstances in which a Countess of Henneberg gave birth, in the year , to children at one time -- half of them being male, half female, and the odd one an hermaphrodite! The Pandavas, like so many other divinely-born children, had to flee for their lives, because it was foretold to the King that they would one day reign in his stead and rule over his own children.
Before she married Pandu, Kunti, the future mother of three of these Pandavas, had once been given a charm which enabled her to have a child by any one of the gods whom she thought of.
Out of curiosity, she invoked the Sun, and by him became the mother of Karna, who was born fully clothed in armor. This demi-god, Karna, is spoken of as "an emanation from the hot-beamed Sun," who was able, on important occasions, to illuminate his semi-mortal son living upon the earth by his rays.
To conceal the birth of a strangely begotten son, Kunti placed him in a box made of wicker work soon after he was born, and floated him down the Ganges. He was then rescued by a charioteer who brought him up as his own child. It was not only to the virtuous heroes that miraculous births were ascribed, but sometimes also to the wicked villains of mythology:. Kansa, the king of Mathura and persecutor of the divine hero Krishna, was said to be the child of an union consummated by violence in the jungle between a demon and the mortal woman Pavanareka.
In another myth Kartikeya, who was incarnated for the purpose of saving the gods from the armies of the demons, is said to have been given birth to by Ganga the river Ganges , into whom or which the male germ of life had been dropped by Siva. There are other curious myths about this god Kartikeya, who was supposed to have had six or seven mothers. This was accounted for, in one of these myths, by his having been suckled by six young women who were coming to bathe in the Ganges when he was born.
In another myth he was suckled by Svaka, his actual mother, having successively assumed the forms of seven wives of Rishis on her visits to the god Agni Siva , whom she repeatedly seduced. Many of these Hindu myths about the birth of their gods are, as we have noted before, stories of re-incarnation in what seemed to the Hindus to be very much the ordinary course of nature. Others, however, are very often accounts of a child being born merely as an effect of concentrated thought on the part of the parent god, such thought giving birth, or rise, to a divine-human being who is, therefore, a conception of the mind of the god concerned -- a materialized emanation of the Supreme God, or of some minor deity.
A considerable number of such asexual births are recorded in the Hindu Scriptures, and we can trace how what was probably originally a purely metaphysical speculation or poetical fantasy takes shape as a supposed material fact. The children are sometimes mental emanations, and others sprung from the glory of the god's countenance or from the sparks cast from his eyes, and in at least one case -- Ganesa from Parvati -- born of the emanations from the body of a goddess.
In some stories children begotten in the usual way are said to have been born in a strange manner, as, for example, by drops of sweat from the mother being received by trees, collected together by the wind, and matured by the sun.
In this way Pramlocki gave birth to Marisha, the future mother of the patriarch Daksha, who has already been mentioned. It is of interest to note, in connection with Indian mythology, that Hanuman, the monkey-shaped god, was said to have been begotten by the wind-god.
One Indian case of alleged incarnation of a god is especially remarkable because it took place in comparatively modern times. In Ganapati, the Indian god of wisdom, is said to have appeared to a very holy Brahmin of Poona, and to have imbued him, as a mark of his especial favor, with a portion of his own holy spirit. Muraba Goseyn therefore became a portion of the god himself. The seventh descendant has now passed away, but only quite recently the last of these man-gods was still worshipped in India, and said to perform occasional miracles.
It is so easy to observe miracles when miracles are expected! The Egyptian pharaohs were all looked upon as divine -- as the sons of god, or as the incarnations of some one god, or even of several gods at the same time. This divinity was, of course, regarded as hereditary. In order that the royal and divine blood should be kept absolutely pure, it was enacted that the only legitimate sons of a pharaoh were those born of his marriage with his own sister.
But even when the throne of the pharaohs passed to a usurper, the latter, if he supported the priests, was soon able to take on the divine as well as the other titles of his predecessors, and demand divine honors from his subjects.
It has been correctly stated that the deification of Alexander the Great by the Egyptian priests -- and his being called the son of the god Amen -- was merely a formality gone through by every usurper who seized the throne of the pharaohs after overthrowing the preceding dynasty. It may be that neither the priests nor Alexander himself had any illusions about the matter; but the point which concerns us here is that the public of the day was prepared to accept the king as a god and as the son of a god.
According to the best-known version of the story, Philip of Macedonia, the ostensible father of Alexander, discovered his wife in the embraces of a serpent, and thereafter -- whether from fear of sharing his connubial couch with so unpleasant a bed-fellow, or from fear of offending the god -- he seldom entered her bed.
The courtiers of Alexander accounted in this way for the birth of their master and hero, who was thus shown to be not only descended, through his legal father, Philip, from Hercules, but also from Jupiter, whose amours had been conducted in the lowly guise of the serpent. It is interesting to note that the double pedigree holds good: the descent through the supposed father and the descent through the actual father are both credited to the hero.
Another story relates that Nectanebus, having prophesied to Olympias, the mother of Alexander, that she would give birth to a son whose father would be the god Ammon, enjoyed, in the guise of that god, the embraces of the queen. Oriental nations and, imitatively, even the Greeks in their degenerate days, showed a tendency to deify their kings and generals. Even when they did not actually worship them, they gave them titles which we are inclined to regard as Divine -- such as "Soter" Savior , a title given to Ptolemy I, and "Epiphanes," a title given to Antiochus IV.
Besides Alexander, Lysander and others were also given divine honors during their lifetime. Demetrius was hailed by the Athenians as the Only God. When we consider the divine or semi-divine honors paid in historical times to men like Miltiades, Brasidas, Sophocles, Dion, Aratus, and Philopoemen -- whose real existence is incontestable -- it seems impossible to deny that the tendency to deify ordinary mortals was an operative principle in ancient Greek religion.
The distinction between human and divine seemed so small to anthropomorphists as to be entirely negligible. Many of the Roman emperors also were, during their lifetime, worshipped as gods, and, after their death, admitted to the Pantheon.
By a decree the emperor Hadrian deified his favorite Antinous who had been drowned in the Nile. One of the favorite subjects for romance in ancient days was the love of gods for mortal women. That the gods were at times inclined to visit favored ladies was believed by all credulous folk -- and nearly all men were credulous in those days!
Silvia, the wife of Septimius Marcellus, was said to have had a child by the god Mars. It may be that this legend about the wife of Septimius Marcellus arose from her name Silvia, as the mother of Romulus and Remus -- so a still older myth related -- was a vestal virgin named Rhea Silvia, and their father was Mars. Many similar stories were told, and believed, of other women, both illustrious and humble.
But sober historians also record as facts -- and there is no reason for doubting these facts -- several episodes of this kind:. Mundus impersonated the god, and thus enjoyed the favors of the lady who, up till then, had always rejected his advances.
Upon the departure of this man, Ariston himself had come to her and inquired as to the origin of the garland which she was still wearing. He denied that he had visited her earlier in the night, and identified the garland as one which came from the temple of the god Astrabacus. The soothsayers who were called in and consulted about the affair declared that the visitor must have been Astrabacus himself!
Therefore, if Demaratus was not the son of Ariston, he was the son of the god Astrabacus. This event was supposed to have taken place about the year B. Shortly before his return to his wife, Zeus assumed his likeness and took his place in Alcmena's bed, at the same time prolonging the night so that it lasted as long as three ordinary days and nights. On the next day Amphitryon returned, and, not finding himself so warmly welcomed as he hoped and expected, inquired the reason, and learnt that he had, so Alcmena thought, already spent the previous night with her.
He then discovered the trick which the chief of the gods had played upon him. Alcmena subsequently gave birth to two boys, of whom Hercules, the son of Zeus, was older by one day than Iphicles, the son of Amphitryon. An event of a similar kind was reported to have taken place in much later days: A princess of Gasna is said to have been seduced by an adventurer named Malek, who pretended to be Mohammed. These old stories, and others like them, were probably the origin of the numerous tales with a similar plot to be found in the novels of French and Italian authors of the Renaissance period and later.
So the story of Nectanebus having impersonated the god Ammon and begotten Alexander may well have been invented by men anxious to detract from the fame of the Macedonian hero; but the female credulity which it alleges was certainly very common At the temple of Belus, at Thebes, a different woman used to be dedicated to the god every night, and to sleep in a chamber at the summit of the building. At the great temple in Babylon a similar custom existed. At Patara, in Lycia, a priestess was locked in the temple every night to receive the embraces of the god.
Thus we learn, from classical authors, that the notion of the gods visiting mortal women and becoming fathers of their children was commonly entertained throughout the near East in Greek and Roman times. Some of the priests must have known who it was that impersonated the god on these occasions; but probably others, and certainly the general lay public, believed that the god himself actually generated mortal children.
We cannot tell for certain whether Alexander really came to believe that he was the son of Jupiter Ammon. Men in his position are subject to megalomania, and megalomaniacs are capable of entertaining such beliefs. But we do know that he posed as son of the god and was acclaimed in his lifetime as divine, and that he demanded from his courtiers and other subjects the honors usually paid only to gods.
He had been informed by the oracle of Ammon -- flattering priests who impersonated the god -- that he was the son of Zeus and, his pride swollen by conquest, he eventually seems to have believed that this was really a fact. That the priests should hail as a god one who could and did shower rich presents upon them is not surprising. But that even the Greeks, in spite of their philosophy and their democratic theories, should so degrade themselves is to be accounted for only by the blinding effects on men's minds of success so striking and so vast as Alexander's.
Man idolizes that which he fears, that which he envies, and that from which wealth, power, and all other earthly blessings seem to flow. The precise relation of these transitory cults to the real religions of the near East cannot, of course, be exactly determined. The fact of their having existed, however, shows the readiness of men in those ages to set up new gods, and to accept mortal men as gods.
Like individuals, some cults die in youth, by accident or by not being well fitted to survive in competition with others. Doubtless many scores of others have arisen and disappeared without leaving any distinguishable traces behind them. We are not presently concerned with these stories except in so far as they incorporate a miraculous birth story.
This the Zingis Khan legend does. When Zingis the Mogul had conquered a great part of Asia and become master of a formidable and aggressive empire and a terror to the whole Eastern world, his courtiers evolved for him a genealogy which traced his descent seven generations back to an immaculate virgin.
He received the title of Son of God, and divine honors from his subjects. Even when the founder of a family has neither known nor cared about the names of his ancestors, his descendants and their courtiers usually invent a pedigree suitable for the wealthy and powerful.
The pedigree of Togrul Beg, the first of the Seljuk dynasty, was unknown to contemporary experts in genealogy. Yet, when the Seljuks had carved out a vast empire for themselves and the Turks, a lengthy pedigree was attached to the name of their founder, and at the beginning of that family tree we find the name of Alankavah, who is described as a virgin mother.
Nurhachu, who was born in A. The latter, so the Chinese legend relates, was made chieftain of his tribe because of his miraculous birth.
He was the son of a virgin, into whose lap, as she sat on the banks of a lake, a red fruit was dropped by a magpie. The effect of the red fruit was such that she immediately conceived, and nine months later gave birth to a son, Aisiu Gioro. Gioro was destined to become the grandfather of the great Nurhachu. Thus do legends arise to account for the birth of great men!
The Scythians, who inhabited the Crimea and Southern Russia, had a tradition that their race was descended from a man named Targitaus, who was a child of Jove and "a daughter of the Borysthenes" -- i. The approximate date of the birth of Targitaus would be, according to the Scythian legend, about B. The Greeks told another story, attributing the birth of one Scythes, the first Scythian, to the union of Hercules -- that always prolific parent -- with a being who was half woman and half serpent.
This being had stolen his mares, so that Hercules was unable to continue the journey upon which he was engaged; and she refused to surrender them unless Hercules made her his mistress. The satisfaction of her demands resulted in triplets, of which Scythes was the youngest.
Herodotus also relates that the Tauri worshipped a virgin goddess. This was probably either Iphigenia or Artemis, to both of whom we refer elsewhere. Around the birth of Tamerlane arose many curious legends, which are gravely recorded by his biographers.
The lowly as well as marvelous birth of heroes is likewise a common feature of legends and myths. For example, Sargon, the semi-legendary king of Accad, one of the earliest rulers of whom any historical records have been found, is made to describe himself as.
My lowly mother conceived me; in secret she brought me forth. Gudea, a Sumerian king, later in time than Sargon but reigning as early as the first half of the third millennium B.
He worshipped the god Ningirsu, who is said to have visited him and to have given him injunctions as to the building of temples, the purification of cities, the burnt-offerings to be made at his own shrines, and the false priests to be destroyed. Even when the birth of the hero is not alleged to be virginal, it is distinguished in some way or other from the birth of ordinary men.
In one type of such stories great men are said to have been removed from the wombs of their mothers by an operation , instead of being birthed in the normal manner. Julius Caesar is said to have been brought into the world in such a manner.
Shakespeare , in one of his plots, uses this same theme. Macbeth is told by the witches that he cannot be slain by a man born of a woman, and is eventually killed by Macduff who "was from his mother's womb untimely ripp'd. Shakespeare is not writing history, but weaving into his tale a popular legend of great antiquity. The authors of the Caesarian story, on the other hand, were writing what they intended for history.
Such stories used to be regarded as facts, fully explanatory of genius and good fortune. They came to be regarded as fictions that were very useful in the making of plots. Not that the operation has not often been performed by modern surgeons, perhaps even by ancient physicians; but it is no longer regarded as being an adjunct of genius, a portent, or a mark of divine esteem. To the founders of all great religions either mythical or historical virginal or other remarkable births are usually attributed.
We have already referred to the Buddha's birth, as also to the myths about Attis, Adonis, Dionysos, and Osiris. Three other great religions remain to be mentioned:. The educated Zoroastrian of today does not believe in such myths; but, as in other religions, its myths were at one time believed by all men, and are still believed by the less well educated. Another story told of Amina is, though not impossible, exceedingly improbable. This is to the effect that her husband, the father of Mohammed, was so handsome and attractive that on the night of his wedding with Amina two hundred disappointed maidens died of jealousy and despair.
Islam is very much poorer in birth stories and, in fact, in all stories of the miraculous than any of the other great religions of the world -- probably on account of the comparative lateness of its origin and because of the fierce historical light which shone upon it from the beginning. This is so even though it conquered lands where such miraculous stories were exceedingly common. One of its predecessors in western Asia was Manichaesism, a post-Christian religion which blended Christian and Zoroastrian doctrines with some peculiar to Islam itself into a whole which was sometimes regarded by Christians as a heresy -- and sometimes as a pagan religion.
The Manichaeans related that a certain Terebinthus, said to have been the writer of the books from which Manes, their founder, learnt his doctrines, was born of a virgin. If there is any truth in the traditions about Terebinthus, he must have lived in the first or the early part of the second century A.
This story of his virgin birth would therefore be another example of the ease with which claims to such miraculous births were made and granted at that period in the world's history. Even if Terebinthus himself is altogether mythical, the fact that the story was told shows that it was credible to men of the third century. That it was considered not only credible -- but even probable -- that men of great piety should be born of virgins is illustrated by a much later example of such a story:.
It was told that St. Dominic, the founder of the Dominican order of monks, was born of an immaculate conception. To this twelfth-century saint belongs, in all likelihood, the honor of being the last man in Europe -- though, as we have already seen, not in Asia -- for whom a virgin birth has been claimed.
A curious Christian sect known as the Nazoreans, or Sabaeans, which is still to be found in the neighborhood of Basra, believe that John the Baptist was conceived by the chaste kisses imprinted on the lips of the elderly Elizabeth by her husband Zacharias.
Stories about miraculous births are to be found in folklore as well as in religious histories and traditions:. A Sicilian tale, probably of ancient origin, tells of a king's daughter who was shut up in a tower which had no aperture through which the sun could shine, since it had been foretold that she would conceive a child by the sun and her father was anxious to prevent this from happening. The girl, however, made a small hole in the wall with a piece of bone and a sunbeam -- entering through this hole -- impregnated her.
Among the Red Indians of the North American continent similar tales are told about women who have become pregnant by being struck by the rays of the sun as they lie upon their beds. The children thus conceived eventually visit the sun, and, like Phaeton in the old story told by Ovid and by many of his predecessors, take over their father's business for one day, and nearly involve the whole world in destruction by their inexperienced clumsiness in driving his chariot or in controlling his heat.
This form of the miraculous birth story also has a long ancestry Danae was said to have been impregnated by Zeus in the shape of a shower of gold which fell in her lap, even though she had been shut up by her father Acrisius in a bronze chamber specially built to protect her from such an unwanted event. In another myth of a similar nature a Siberian maiden of the Kirgis tribe was impregnated by the eye of God.
The peculiarity of this form of the story is that the mortals are generally said to make every endeavor to avoid the woman's union with the god. With great plausibility, therefore, some of the ancients themselves attributed this class of legend to explanations given of the birth of illegitimate children.
No one would have thought of doubting a story by which the reputation of the king's daughter was not only preserved, but enhanced.
Why should they wish to doubt it? They could tell their children and grandchildren, and strangers from other less-favored lands a tale to make them wonder -- and could vouch for it as having happened to their own immediate knowledge. We have all learned in recent years -- even if we did not know it before -- how men and women are apt to claim immediate and intimate personal knowledge of events which have really never taken place. How otherwise honest people will claim to have seen with their own eyes, or to have heard with their own ears, things which were never done and words which were never spoken makes an interesting study.
In ancient times such legends, once well started, were seldom contradicted. No inquisitive skeptics made inquiries and shattered beliefs in new fairy tales. No enterprising newspaper proprietors re-awakened the flagging interest of their clients by contradicting this week the exciting story they had vouched for last week.
Gossip became legend, and legend became myth -- with no historic searching of the archives for documentary proofs or cross-examining the witnesses. These last examples, however, have been culled from folk-lore, and we must now return to the regions of religion, which can still furnish us with further examples of the widespread existence of virgin-birth stories.
The idea of a man-god born of a virgin was conceived so early in the history of mankind that it was carried into America in that remote age when men first migrated into that continent. Huitzilopotchli, the god of war and chief deity of the ancient Mexicans, was said to have been miraculously conceived by a virgin. His mother, a mortal woman named Coatlicue, saw a ball of bright-colored feathers floating in the air. She took this ball, placed it in her bosom, and by its touch found herself pregnant.
Afterwards she gave birth to the god, who entered the world fully armed. The detail about the war-god or hero being born fully armed is common to many myths. We have already noticed the case of Karna, the son of Kunti by the Sun, who was so born. Regarding her it was related that she sprang from the head of Zeus, which had been cleft by Prometheus, or, as others said, by Hephaestus.
The detail about the impregnation by touching the brightly colored feathers also has many parallels, notably the case of Juno who, on being touched by a flower -- or, as some said, by the help of the goddess Flora -- conceived the war-god Mars. There is the Latin version of the still older Greek myth according to which Here, "without being united in love" -- "without intercourse with the other sex" -- gave birth to Hephaestos, and conceived Ares by the touch of a flower.
Of this goddess Here it was said that after losing her virginity by marriage with Zeus she recovered it annually by bathing in the spring of Canathus. It is curious to meet this poetical fantasy again in regions as far afield as the South Pacific Ocean and Eastern Asia:. In Tahiti the goddess Hina is believed to have conceived by passing under the shadow of a leaf which the god shook. In China it was said that virgins sometimes conceived children by the mere act of smelling roses.
Maha Maya | mother of Gautama Buddha | ardythandjennifer.com
For a religion that asserts belief in a process of spiritual perfection achieved over multiple lifetimes, the birthplace of a Buddhist might be considered an unremarkable thing. But an international team of archeologists announced in Nepal this week that it uncovered the site where Buddha himself was born. It was remarkable news indeed, not only to million Buddhists worldwide, but also to Buddhist and Christian scholars interested in how historical information about religious figures relates to religious faith.
The discovery, the culmination of a year archeological effort sponsored by the United Nations, also points up how much remains unknown when faith and fact converge.
Engravings on the pillar, the archeologists said, pointed to this site as the place where a noblewoman named Maya Devi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha Gautama. There, her child was born in an unusual manner: from under her right arm. Other birth narratives speak of attending devis, or angels, to welcome the newborn baby and streams of hot and cold water pouring out of the sky to bathe him.
After years of searching and spiritual discipline, tradition says, the young prince Siddhartha achieved enlightenment at the age of He became known as the Buddha--the awakened one--and spent the remainder of his 80 years on earth traveling and preaching the message that all sentient beings can achieve enlightenment.
Its many schools and sects have varying practices and beliefs. There probably is a historical core. Christians generally are very concerned about the historicity of Jesus. Though Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of the Buddhist faith, Larson explained, Buddhists believe he was the 24th in a line of 25 Buddhas. A new Buddha comes along every 10, years or so, they believe. Maitreya, the Buddha of the Future, has yet to make an appearance. And although the archeological team contends that Buddha was born sometime in the 6th century B.
Chappell, founding editor of the Journal of Buddhist-Christian Studies. Chappell asserts that history is just as important to Buddhists as it is to many Christians, but in a different way. And the value of historical findings is a debate that will continue. If you scratch the surface, both religions have traditions that value history and traditions that are free of history. About Us. Brand Publishing.
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